付録K 頭字語

<title>Acronyms</title>

This is a list of acronyms commonly used in the <productname>PostgreSQL</> documentation and in discussions about <productname>PostgreSQL</>. 以下はPostgreSQLドキュメントと、PostgreSQLの論議で一般に使用される頭字語の一覧です。

ANSI

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_National_Standards_Institute"> American National Standards Institute</ulink> American National Standards Institute(米国規格協会)

API

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/API">Application Programming Interface</ulink> Application Programming Interface(エイ・ピー・アイ)

ASCII

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ascii">American Standard Code for Information Interchange</ulink> American Standard Code for Information Interchange(情報交換用米国標準コード)

BKI

<link linkend="bki">Backend Interface</link> Backend Interface(バックエンドインターフェイス)

CA

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Certificate_authority">Certificate Authority</ulink> Certificate Authority(認証局)

CIDR

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Classless_Inter-Domain_Routing">Classless Inter-Domain Routing</ulink> Classless Inter-Domain Routing(クラスレスドメイン間ルーティング)

CPAN

<ulink url="http://www.cpan.org/">Comprehensive Perl Archive Network</ulink> Comprehensive Perl Archive Network(シーパン)

CRL

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Certificate_revocation_list">Certificate Revocation List</ulink> Certificate Revocation List(証明書失効リスト)

CSV

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comma-separated_values">Comma Separated Values</ulink> Comma Separated Values(コンマ区切り)

CTE

<link linkend="queries-with">Common Table Expression</link> Common Table Expression(共通テーブル式)

CVE

<ulink url="http://cve.mitre.org/">Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures</ulink> Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures(共通脆弱性識別子)

DBA

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Database_administrator">Database Administrator</ulink> Database Administrator(データベース管理者)

DBI

<ulink url="http://dbi.perl.org/">Database Interface (Perl)</ulink> Database Interface (Perl)([Perlの]データベースインターフェイス)

DBMS

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dbms">Database Management System</ulink> Database Management System(データベース管理システム)

DDL

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Data_Definition_Language">Data Definition Language</ulink>, SQL commands such as <command>CREATE TABLE</>, <command>ALTER USER</> Data Definition Language(データ定義言語)CREATE TABLEALTER USERなどのSQLコマンド

DML

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Data_Manipulation_Language">Data Manipulation Language</ulink>, SQL commands such as <command>INSERT</>, <command>UPDATE</>, <command>DELETE</> Data Manipulation Language(データ操作言語)INSERTUPDATEDELETEなどのSQLコマンド

DST

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daylight_saving_time">Daylight Saving Time</ulink> Daylight Saving Time(夏時間)

ECPG

<link linkend="ecpg">Embedded C for PostgreSQL</link> Embedded C for PostgreSQL(PostgreSQL用の組み込みC)

ESQL

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Embedded_SQL">Embedded SQL</ulink> Embedded SQL(組み込みSQL)

FAQ

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FAQ">Frequently Asked Questions</ulink> Frequently Asked Questions(よくある質問)

FSM

<link linkend="storage-fsm">Free Space Map</link> Free Space Map(空き領域マップ)

GEQO

<link linkend="geqo">Genetic Query Optimizer</link> Genetic Query Optimizer(遺伝的問い合わせオプティマイザ)

GIN

<link linkend="GIN">Generalized Inverted Index</link> Generalized Inverted Index(汎用転置インデックス)

GiST

<link linkend="GiST">Generalized Search Tree</link> Generalized Search Tree(汎用検索ツリー)

Git

Git

GMT

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GMT">Greenwich Mean Time</ulink> Greenwich Mean Time(グリニッジ標準時)

GSSAPI

Generic Security Services Application Programming Interface

GUC

<link linkend="config-setting">Grand Unified Configuration</link>, the <productname>PostgreSQL</> subsystem that handles server configuration Grand Unified Configuration、 サーバ構成処理を行うPostgreSQLのサブシステム

HBA

<link linkend="auth-pg-hba-conf">Host-Based Authentication</link> Host-Based Authentication(ホストベース認証)

HOT

<ulink url="http://git.postgresql.org/gitweb?p=postgresql.git;a=blob;f=src/backend/access/heap/README.HOT;hb=HEAD">Heap-Only Tuples</ulink> Heap-Only Tuples(ヒープ専用タプル)

IEC

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Electrotechnical_Commission">International Electrotechnical Commission</ulink> International Electrotechnical Commission(国際電気標準会議)

IEEE

<ulink url="http://standards.ieee.org/">Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers</ulink> Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers(米国電気電子学会)

IPC

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inter-process_communication">Inter-Process Communication</ulink> Inter-Process Communication(プロセス間通信)

ISO

<ulink url="http://www.iso.org/iso/home.htm">International Organization for Standardization</ulink> International Organization for Standardization(国際標準化機構)

ISSN

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Issn">International Standard Serial Number</ulink> International Standard Serial Number(国際標準逐次刊行物番号)

JDBC

Java Database Connectivity

LDAP

Lightweight Directory Access Protocol

MSVC

Microsoft Visual C

MVCC

<link linkend="mvcc">Multi-Version Concurrency Control</link> Multi-Version Concurrency Control(多版型同時実行制御)

NLS

National Language Support

ODBC

Open Database Connectivity

OID

<link linkend="datatype-oid">Object Identifier</link> Object Identifier(オブジェクト識別子)

OLAP

Online Analytical Processing

OLTP

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OLTP">Online Transaction Processing</ulink> Online Transaction Processing(オンライントランザクション処理)

ORDBMS

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ORDBMS">Object-Relational Database Management System</ulink> Object-Relational Database Management System(オブジェクトリレーショナルデータベース管理システム)

PAM

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pluggable_Authentication_Modules">Pluggable Authentication Modules</ulink> Pluggable Authentication Modules(着脱可能認証モジュール)

PGSQL

PostgreSQL

PGXS

<link linkend="extend-pgxs"><productname>PostgreSQL</> Extension System</link> PostgreSQL Extension System(PostgreSQL拡張システム)

PID

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Process_identifier">Process Identifier</ulink> Process Identifier(プロセス識別子)

PITR

<link linkend="continuous-archiving">Point-In-Time Recovery</link> (Continuous Archiving) Point-In-Time Recovery(ポイントインタイムリカバリ)(Continuous Archiving - 継続的アーカイブ)

PL

<link linkend="server-programming">Procedural Languages (server-side)</link> Procedural Languages(手続き言語) (サーバ側)

POSIX

Portable Operating System Interface

RDBMS

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relational_database_management_system">Relational Database Management System</ulink> Relational Database Management System(リレーショナルデータベース管理システム)

RFC

Request For Comments

SGML

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SGML">Standard Generalized Markup Language</ulink> Standard Generalized Markup Language(標準汎用マークアップ言語)

SPI

Server Programming Interface

SP-GiST

<link linkend="SPGiST">Space-Partitioned Generalized Search Tree</link> Space-Partitioned Generalized Search Tree(空間分割汎用検索ツリー)

SQL

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SQL">Structured Query Language</ulink> Structured Query Language(構造化問い合わせ言語)

SRF

Set-Returning Function

SSH

Secure Shell

SSL

Secure Sockets Layer

SSPI

Security Support Provider Interface

SYSV

Unix System V

TCP/IP

Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) / Internet Protocol (IP)

TID

<link linkend="datatype-oid">Tuple Identifier</link> Tuple Identifier(タプル識別子)

TOAST

<link linkend="storage-toast">The Oversized-Attribute Storage Technique</link> The Oversized-Attribute Storage Technique(過大属性格納技法)

TPC

<ulink url="http://www.tpc.org/">Transaction Processing Performance Council</ulink> Transaction Processing Performance Council(トランザクション処理性能評議会)

URL

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/URL">Uniform Resource Locator</ulink> Uniform Resource Locator(統一資源位置指定子)

UTC

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coordinated_Universal_Time">Coordinated Universal Time</ulink> Coordinated Universal Time(協定世界時)

UTF

<ulink url="http://www.unicode.org/">Unicode Transformation Format</ulink> Unicode Transformation Format(ユニコード変換書式)

UTF8

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Utf8">Eight-Bit Unicode Transformation Format</ulink> Eight-Bit Unicode Transformation Format(8ビットユニコード変換書式)

UUID

<link linkend="datatype-uuid">Universally Unique Identifier</link> Universally Unique Identifier(汎用一意識別子)

WAL

<link linkend="wal">Write-Ahead Log</link> Write-Ahead Log(ログ先行書き込み)

XID

<link linkend="datatype-oid">Transaction Identifier</link> Transaction Identifier(トランザクション識別子)

XML

<ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/XML">Extensible Markup Language</ulink> Extensible Markup Language(拡張可能マークアップ言語)